Abstract Barleria prionitis Linn. (Family: Acanthaceae) is a well-known perennial, Ayurvedic herb distributed in the tropical Asia, Africa and Yemen. The whole. B. prionitis is a fast growing perennial plant widely commercialized as an ornamental to be planted in open sunny areas in gardens, yards, and. Erect armed shrubs, spines ca. cm long. Leaves to x cm, elliptic, acute, mucronate, base cuneate, sparsely puberulus, ciliate on the margins, gland.
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This Acanthaceae article is a stub. The aerial parts of this plant are also used in inflammations and gastrointestinal disorders. In the West Indies, it was introduced around the s and it appears in herbarium collections made in in Barbados and in Jamaica US National Herbarium.
NauruIndian i. The acetone, methanol and ethanol extracts of B. The authors are grateful to Dr.
Barleria prionitis – Useful Tropical Plants
Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Mast cells play an important role in inflammatory responses and release histamine upon their degranulation to produce various allergic reactions Manek et al. The following description is taken from Flora of China Editorial Committee Chemical constituents of Barleria prionitis and their enzyme inhibitory and free radical scavenging activities. The whole plant extract of B. India Biodiversity Portal, The extract also arrested the diabetes mediated weight loss Dheer and Bhatnagar, Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you.
A small, upright i. Seeds are dispersed short distances when capsules open. It is also cultivated to be used as a medicinal herb in traditional medicine in Asia, India, and Africa. The dried stem bark is used as an expectorant in whooping cough and diaphoretic Khare, ; Aneja et al.
The stems are terete, glabrous, much branched with cylindrical and tapering branchlet Dassanayake, ; Kamble et al. In vitro pharmacological evaluation of three Barleria species.
The risk of introduction of B. Oral administration of alcoholic extract at dose concentration mg kg -1 body weight significantly decreased the blood glucoseglycosylated hemoglobin level and increased serum insulin and liver glycogen level in diabetic rats. The present study provides a taxonomic account of the angiosperms of Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pr The promise of traditional medicines.
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The plant formulation, available in over the counter is prescribed in dysurea, rheumatic affections, internal abscesses, nervine disorders and in chronic sinusitis Khare, Dicotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness B. It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” barrleria “chewing rates”.
The lower leaves in the inflorescence are more barlerka less like the normal leaves prionltis the upper leaves are usually much smaller. Yellow Hedge Barleria. The whole plant or its specific parts leaf, stem, root, bark and flower has been utilized for treatment of toothache, catarrhal affections, whooping cough, inflammations, glandular swellings, urinary infection, jaundice, fever, gastrointestinal disorders and as diuretic and tonic.
May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. A dictionary of Botany.
Barleria prionitis subsp. delagoensis
In India it has several vernacular names like In English-yellow nail-dye plant, porcupine flower; Sanskrit-vajradanti, kurantaka, koranta; Hindi-kala bans, katsareya, piabansa; Bengali-kantajinti, peetjhanti; Gujarati-kantashila; Kannada-karunta, mullugorante; Malayalam-chemmulli, varelmutti; Marathi-kalsunda, kate koranti, kholeta, koranta, pivala-koranta; Odia-daskeranta; Tamil-kaattu kanagaambaram, semmulli and in Telugu-mullugorinta chettu Shendage and Yadav, ; Singh and Panda, Evaluation of iridoid glycosides from leave of Barleria prionitis as an anti-diarrhoeal activity: The genus Barleria is readily distinguished from other genera in the Acanthaceae by a combination of three features: Plants of South Africa.
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The fruit capsule is ovoid, 2 seeded and about 1. Ash of the whole plant with honey is given in bronchial asthma.
A study of barlerka antidiabetic activity of Barleria prionitis Linn. Antiinflammatory and analgesic effects of Phlomis lanceolata boiss. Perennial, Shrub SA Distribution: The structures of some phytochemicals are given in Fig.
Summary of Invasiveness Top of page B.
Isolation of antimicrobial compound by endophytic bacteria from Vinca rosea. Potential environmental weeds in Australia: Check our website at www. Chemistry and hepatoprotective activity of an barlerua fraction from Barleria prionitis Linn. These seeds may be spread short distances when the capsules explosively open to release their seeds. The outer lobes are 1.
The whole plant, specifically the roots are used as diuretic and tonic. It is on an alert list for environmental weeds in Australia Waterhouse et al.