Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

Author: Nashicage Zologar
Country: Angola
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 15 July 2006
Pages: 34
PDF File Size: 8.63 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.45 Mb
ISBN: 896-8-13886-994-4
Downloads: 66121
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Akitaxe

Another four or five books books or 23 were devoted to the first eight regnal years of Artaxerxes II, which Ctesias himself had witnessed; book 23 also contained a description of the road from Ephesus persiva Bactria and India and a partial list of rulers from Ninus and Semiramis to Artaxerxes II Jacoby, Fragmentep.

For this reason Artabarius, who meditated desertion, was accused and thrown into the persicq. The country then submitted to Cyrus.

UW Press: Ctesias’ Persica and Its Near Eastern Context

Contact our editors with your feedback. The book only remains in fragments and in reports made about the book by later authors. After this he took refuge in a temple, where he was seized and put to death. Adler Leipzig, ; repr. Please contact us if you need a custom size. The seven, having been admitted into the palace by Bagapates, found the Magian asleep.

Since Croesus was evidently meditating treachery, his son was put to death before his eyes; his mother, who was a witness of his execution, committed suicide by throwing herself from the persicaa.

His wife, however, betrayed him; he was seized, handed over to Parysatis, and put to death. The king was anxious to put Artyphius to death, but Parysatis advised him not to do so at once, in order to deceive Arsites and induce him also to submit; when both had surrendered, she ctesiaz they could both be put to death.


That interpretation has now been convincingly challenged by G. Of the two histories, we possess abridgments by Photiusand fragments are preserved in AthenaeusPlutarchNicolaus of Damascus and especially Diodorus Siculuswhose second book is mainly from Ctesias.

For some time they carried on an intrigue, but finally she told her mother.

The king then ordered an attack with 20, but these were defeated, and although flogged to the battle, were routed again. The men who had the greatest influence with him were Artasyras the Hyrcanianand the ctfsias Izabates, Aspadates, and Bagapates, who had been his father’s favorite after the death of Petisacas.

Menostanes was also arrested and condemned, but anticipated his fate by suicide. Artaxerxes, Amytis, and Rhodogyne, and their mother Amestris were deeply grieved, and his life was only saved by the skill and attention of Apollonides, a physician of Cos. Many Persians were slain in the battle, in which Zopyrus and Artyphius, the sons of Megabyzus, distinguished themselves, and Megabyzus gained a decisive victory. Ctesiasborn late 5th century bcCtwsiasCaria [now in Turkey]Greek physician and historian of Persia and India whose works were popular and influential in antiquity.

The work no longer exists, except in an abstract compiled by the patriarch Photius of Constantinople flourished c. The Magian thereupon accused him more freely. Although many ancient authorities valued it highly, and used it to persiac Herodotusa modern author writes that ” Ctesias’s unreliability makes Herodotus seem a model of accuracy.

The Complete Fragments of Ctesias of Cnidus

Cambyses first made this arrangement with him through Izabates, the cousin of Combaphis, and afterwards confirmed it by his personal promise. Cyrus cesias the favourite of his mother, who hoped to secure the succession for him instead of her eldest son, Arsaces. Finally Cyrus, against his will, set him free, treated him kindly from that time, and bestowed upon him a large city near Ecbatana, named Barene, in which there were horsemen and 10, peltasts, javelin-throwers, and archers.


Of the children of Spitamas, he appointed Spitaces satrap of the Derbices, Megabernes of the Barcanians, bidding them obey their mother in everything. Usiris received the greatest attention and was sent to Artaxerxes at his request.

Ctesias | Greek physician and historian |

World War I, an international conflict that in —18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along…. By the advice of the Athenians Themistocles and Aristides archers were summoned from Crete. Ctesias’ account is different from that of Herodotus. Inarus joined battle with Achaemenides, the Egyptians were victorious, Achaemenides being slain by Inarus and his body sent to Artaxerxes. Proceedings against the Spartan ambassadors at Rhodes, and their acquittal.

The style is more careless than it should be, and the phraseology often descends to the commonplace, whereas persicz of Herodotus, both in this and other respects as far as vigor and art are concerned, is the model representative of the Ionic dialect. Internet URLs are the best. Besides these three, he also had a son Bagapaeus and a daughter Parysatis by Andria, also a Babylonian, who became the mother of Artaxerxes and Cyrus.

Here the seventeenth book ends. Parysatis ordered the mother of Terituchmes, his brothers Mitrostes and Helicus, and his sisters except Statira to be put to death. ctesixs

Jacoby, in Pauly-Wissowa, cols. He claimed to have treated Artaxerxes for wounds inflicted by his brother, Cyrusat the Battle of Cunaxa in an episode related by Xenophon in AnabasisBook I.

Babylon was taken by Megabyzus, upon whom Xerxes bestowed, amongst other rewards, a golden hand-mill, weighing six talents, the most honorable of the royal gifts.